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An ethno-linguistic term referring to people of speaking a Turkic language living in what is now called Turkmenistan, northeastern Iran and north Afghanistan, with refugee groups in Pakistan and east Iran. In the nineteenth century they were divided into several tribes including the Salor, Tekke, Saryk, ErsariYomut, Chodor and Kizil Ayak. They are outstanding weavers and some ethnologists have postulated that the technique of pile weaving may originate from the Turkmen.

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