The exact origins of the Baloch are shrouded in some mystery and various theories are disputed by academics and historians. The Belouch speak a common language, Belouchi, which is derived from an ancient Indo-Iranian language. Modern day Belouch reside in the border areas spanning the countries of Iran, Afghanistan and Pakistan. The largest area of Belouchistan exists in western Pakistan with the city of Quetta as its capital. The Belouch of Pakistani Belouchistan, however, are not known for their pile weaving but for their intricate weft-substitution flat-weaves. Most pile rugs are made by the Belouch of Iran and Afghanistan. Learn more about the Belouchi people and Belouch weaving.